There are many forms of treatment, with different side effects and overall effectiveness. Proton therapy uses millimetre accuracy to pinpoint the tumour and cancer cells at half the speed of light. This carries more radiation to the cancer cells to destroy them quickly whilst releasing less radiation to the surrounding tissue, therefore preventing side effects. Find out more about Proton Therapy.
You can learn more about the side effects associated with different treatments by visiting our Cancer Treatments Comparison page.
Radical Prostatectomy is a surgical procedure that removes part or all of the prostate gland to eliminate the cancer cells from the prostate.
Active surveillance is a way of monitoring prostate cancer that is contained within the prostate without treating it straight away.
Radiotherapy is the most common treatment used for cancers. It uses high-energy particles or waves to destroy or damage cancer cells.
Hormone therapy reduces the male hormones in the body to stop them affecting cancer cells. It is usually used in conjunction with another treatment, or before any other treatment begins.
Brachytherapy is done internally by placing small 'seeds' of radioactive material into the tumour that release radiation slowly, destroying the cancer cells.
Cryotherapy is a relatively new treatment using one or more small needles (cryoprobes) that deliver either liquid nitrogen or argon gas directly into the cancer tissue.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) concentrates high frequency sound waves on the cancerous area to heat up the diseased tissue to destroy it.
Proton Therapy uses an external beam of protons to destroy cancerous tissue. It beams a higher dose of radiation, but doesn't release radiation into the healthy tissue.